Life-long learning may be broadly defined as learning that is pursued throughout life: learning that is flexible, diverse and available at different times and in different places. Lifelong learning crosses sectors, promoting learning beyond traditional schooling and throughout adult life (i.e. post-compulsory education).
This definition is based on Delors’ (1996) four ‘pillars’ of education for the future. Learning to know – mastering learning tools rather than acquisition of structured knowledge Learning to do – equipping people for the types of work needed now and in the future including innovation and adaptation of learning to future work environments. Learning to live together, and with others – peacefully resolving conflict, discovering other people and their cultures, fostering community capability, individual competence and capacity, economic resilience, and social inclusion Learning to be – education contributing to a person’s complete development: mind and body, intelligence, sensitivity, aesthetic appreciation, and spirituality MPS aims to instill creativity, initiative and responsiveness in people thereby enabling them to show adaptability in post-industrial society through enhancing skills to:
- manage uncertainty
- communicate across and within cultures, sub-cultures, families and communities
- negotiate conflicts